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Understanding Your Reproductive Well-Being


Understanding Your Reproductive Well-Being

Reproductive health encompasses much more than family planning—it is about living a life of overall physical, emotional, and social well-being related to your reproductive system. Find out what the professionals mean by “reproductive health” and why it is essential for people to know.

What is Reproductive Health?

Reproductive health refers to the various biological, psychological, and social aspects of sexuality and reproduction. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines it as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and processes.”

Critical Components of Reproductive Health

Reproductive health involves several interrelated components that are important for overall well-being:

  • Family Planning: Making informed choices about contraception and deciding when to have children.
  • Pregnancy and Childbirth: Access to prenatal care, safe pregnancy, labor, and afterward treatment for the mother and child.
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections: Prevention, testing, and treatment of infections like HIV, chlamydia, and human papillomavirus.
  • Infertility: Addressing underlying causes and providing treatments to help people have children.
  • Sexual Function and Pleasure: Promoting healthy sexuality and relationships free of coercion, discrimination, and violence.
  • Menopause: Managing changing hormone levels and related health issues as women transition out of their reproductive years.

Why is Reproductive Health Important?

Achieving reproductive health helps ensure people can have children when they choose, live fulfilling lives regardless of their ability to conceive, and protect themselves from preventable illnesses. Overall well-being depends on understanding all aspects of reproductive health.


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